Contributory Capacity of Informal Economy Workers to National Social Security Fund

Paper publication date: 
Thursday, August 25, 2022

This report provides an overview of the key findings on the contributory capacity of the informal economy workers to the National Social Security Fund (NSSF). OXFAM Cambodia commissioned this study with the purpose to assess the social protection needs and contributory capacity of the informal economy workers in Cambodia. With this purpose in mind, the study seeks to provide answers to vital issues such as the needs and social protection priorities of informal economy workers in Cambodia, currently available NSSF schemes that suit the needs and priorities of informal economy workers, ability of the informal economy workers to contribute to the NSSF on regular basis, the amount informal economy workers would be willing to contribute for the NSSF schemes, key challenges that might hinder the informal economy workers capacity to make contributions, and external barriers that might impede the expansion of the NSSF coverage for the informal economy workers. The study is intended to support the development of policy options and
specific action plans for the expansion of the social security to the informal economy workers in Cambodia.

This study was conducted in the Phnom Penh city during the months of September to December 2021. The survey targeted both male and female informal economy workers (male 204; female 216) of seven categories such as domestic workers, street vendors, waste collectors, workers in transportation, workers in entertainment, construction workers, and workers in food beverages and services and 15 key informants (KIs) to acquire primary data. The survey focused on the following areas:

  • Informal economy workers’ understanding and knowledge about NSSF
  • Informal economy workers’ needs and priorities for social protection
  • Informal economy workers’ priorities and contribution to social security schemes